Tanzania enjoys a mild climate year round. The country lies just two degrees south of the equator so at lower elevations where the climate is tropical, temperatures and humidity can be quite high. On the northern safari circuit and at higher elevations temperatures are pleasant with lower temperatures morning and evening and the middle of the day getting nice and warm (up to 80◦F – 26 C). At very high elevations such as on Mt Meru and Kilimanjaro conditions are frigid.
The seasons are reversed from the northern hemisphere with the coldest months being July and August. Conversely the warmest months are December and January. There are two rainy periods, the “short” rains in November-December and the “long rains” in April-May. By the end of the dry seasons following the rains the dust can be quite irritating.